THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF A HIGHWAY BYPASS ON AUSTIN

STUDY WAS MADE OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF A HIGHWAY BYPASS NEAR AUSTIN, MINNESOTA, WHEN THE ALTERNATE HIGHWAY BYPASSES 5000 VEHICLES A DAY OR MORE THAN HALF OF THE DAILY TOTAL AWAY FROM THE MAIN BUSINESS DISTRICT. THE FOLLOWING FIVE INDICES WERE USED IN THE RESEARCH: (1) THE GROSS SALES OF THE CITY AS A WHOLE, (2) THE GROSS SALES OF THE COUNTY AND STATE AS A WHOLE, (3) SALES OF FIRMS ACCORDING TO THE STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION AS DEVISED BY THE BUREAU OF THE BUDGET, (4) THE SALES OF SERVICE AND RETAIL ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH ARE NORMALLY CONSIDERED TRAFFIC SENSITIVE, AND (5) GASOLINE SALES IN AUSTIN AND OTHER BYPASSED COMMUNITIES. TOTAL RETAIL SALES IN 1967 EXCEEDED THE 1962 FIGURE BY 18 PERCENT, AND TOPPED THE 1957 MARK BY 33 PERCENT. THOSE RETAIL OUTLETS WHOSE BUSINESS VOLUME IS LARGELY DEPENDENT ON THE FLOW OF TRAFFIC PAST THEIR DOORS, CAFES, BARS, AND SERVICE STATIONS, HAVE RECORDED CONSIDERABLE GAINS IN BUSINESS VOLUME SINCE THE TRAFFIC WAS DIVERTED TO THE NEW FREEWAY FACILITY. COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY HAS NOT INCREASED GREATLY ALONG THE BYPASS ROUTE. THE BYPASS NEITHER DECREASED THE VALUE OF PROPERTY ALONG THE OLD ROUTE, NOR DID IT PUT AN END TO CONSTRUCTION ALONG THE OLD ROUTE. THE GREATEST GROWTH IN THE ENTIRE CITY OCCURRED ALONG THE OLD ROUTE CLOSE TO THE FREEWAY, AND OTHER BISECTING ROUTES THAT CONNECT THE DOWNTOWN AREA WITH THE ALTERNATE FACILITY. IN THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT CORE LAND VALUE HAS DECREASED BY 20 PERCENT. HOWEVER, THIS DECREASE HAS NOT COME AS A RESULT OF THE BYPASS. RATHER IT IS BLAMED ON CITY-WIDE ECONOMIC DISLOCATION. THE VALUE OF VACANT LAND NEAR THE I-90 ACCESS POINTS HAS UNDERGONE A TREMENDOUS INCREASE WHEN COMPARED TO VACANT LAND IN OTHER PARTS OF THE CITY. THE NEW FACILITY HAS CONTRIBUTED TO AN EXCEPTIONAL SAFETY RECORD. TRAFFIC VOLUME IN 1968 IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA WAS JUST ABOUT THE SAME AS IT WAS IN 1956, BUT MOST OF THE TOURIST AND HEAVY TRUCK TRAFFIC WAS USING INTERSTATE ROUTE 90 IN THE MORE RECENT YEARS. THE DECREASE IN HEAVY TRAFFIC FLOW HAS HAD A FAVORABLE EFFECT ON THE DOWNTOWN AREA. THE DECREASE IN CONGESTION HAS ENCOURAGED MORE SHOPPERS TO COME INTO AUSTIN.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • 67-pp, 83 FIG,
  • Corporate Authors:

    Minnesota Department of Highways

    /Engineering Standards Division
    ,   USA 
  • Authors:
    • Vockrodt, R W
  • Publication Date: 1968-9

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201624
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Apr 21 1994 12:00AM