ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL EFFECTS OF HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENT, A SUMMARY

THE MAJOR DEMONSTRABLE FACTS DISCLOSED BY FIVE STUDIES AND GROUPS OF STUDIES, ARE PRESENTED WHICH INVESTIGATED VARIOUS PHASES OF THE FIELD COVERED BY THE BASIC RESEARCH PROJECT. THE FIELD OF THE BASIC PROJECT, AS DEFINED BY ITS TITLE, IS VERY BROAD AND COMPLEX, BUT THE INVESTIGATIONS WERE LIMITED, FOR THE MOST PART, TO STUDIES OF THE EFFECTS OF RELATIVELY RECENT OR CURRENT IMPROVEMENTS TO THE PRE-EXISTING GRID OF MAJOR HIGHWAYS. THUS, THE PROJECT DID NOT CONTEMPLATE, NOR DOES IT INCLUDE, STUDIES OF THE WHOLE RANGE OF IMPACTS WHICH THE CREATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHWAYS FOR MOTOR VEHICLE TRAFFIC HAD ON THE LIFE AND ACTIVITIES OF THE PEOPLE, COMMUNITIES AND AREAS THEY SERVED. THE BENEFITS TO AND CHANGES IN TRADE, PRODUCTIVE INDUSTRIES, AND LIVING HABITS RESULTING FROM THE NEW, EXTREMELY FLEXIBLE, STATEWIDE TRANSPORTATION SERVICE, UNDOUBTEDLY REPRESENT THE MOST IMPORTANT AND LASTING EFFECTS OF HIGHWAYS, AND SUBSEQUENT IMPROVEMENTS ARE AIMED TO BROADEN AND BETTER THE SEVICE THUS CREATED. THESE INITIAL BENEFITS WERE BASED ON ACCESS TO THE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM, BUT AS MOTOR VEHICLE USE BECAME UNIVERSAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC GREW TO PROPORTIONS THAT CONSTITUTED A HUGE NEW CONSUMER MARKET AND THERE DEVELOPED A WHOLE CLASSIFICATION OF BUSINESS ENTERPRISES WHICH WERE ORIENTED TO THE HIGHWAYS, NOT FOR THE PURPOSE OF ACCESS BUT FOR EXPOSURE TO THE PASSING STREAMS OF POTENTIAL CUSTOMERS. THE OBJECTIVE OF THESE RESEARCH PROJECTS WAS TO STUDY AND, IF POSSIBLE, FORECAST THE EFFECTS OF CURRENT IMPROVEMENTS ON THE INTRICATE COMPLEX OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL OPERATIONS AND INTERESTS WHICH ARE CLOSELY INTEGRATED WITH AND INCREASINGLY DEPENDENT ON HIGHWAYS AND THE TRANSPORTATION AND ACCESS SERVICES THEY PROVIDE. /ARTICLE/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Michigan State University, East Lansing

    Highway Traffic Safety Center
    East Lansing, MI  USA  48824

    Michigan Department of State Highways

    State Highways Building, PO Drawer K
    Lansing, MI  USA  48904
  • Authors:
    • Clark, R E
  • Publication Date: 1961

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201451
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Texas Transportation Institute
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 129 pp
  • Files: TRIS, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Apr 16 1970 12:00AM