RED OAK AND CORNING, US 34 BYPASS, ECONOMIC STUDY

THE ECONOMIC IMPACT RESULTING FROM CONSTRUCTING BYPASS ROUTES AROUND THE CITIES OF RED OAK AND CORNING, IOWA, IS EVALUATED HERE. THE TWO CITIES ARE LOCATED ON US 34 IN THE SOUTHWESTERN PART OF THE STATE. THE STUDY WAS MADE ON A "BEFORE AND AFTER" BASIS USING A CONTROL AREA METHOD TO COMPARE AND ANALYZE CHANGES DURING THE STUDY PERIOD. ECONOMIC PARAMETERS CONSIDERED INCLUDE RETAIL SALES, LAND USE ZONING, INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT, AND TRAFFIC PATTERNS. FOUR YEARS OF "BEFORE" DATA AND TWO YEARS OF "AFTER" DATA WERE TAKEN. COMPARISON OF CHANGES WERE MADE AGAINST THOSE NOTED IN AN EIGHT-COUNTY CONTROL AREA. RELATIVE COMPARISONS OF CHANGES OCCURRING BETWEEN THE TWO CITIES WERE ALSO MADE. THE RESULTS SHOW THAT THE BYPASS ROUTE AROUND CORNING HAD GREATER UNDESIRABLE ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES THAN THE BYPASS AROUND RED OAK. BOTH CITIES HAD A DECREASE IN SALES FOR HIGHWAY-ORIENTED FIRMS. HOWEVER, PART OF THE DECREASE WAS ATTRIBUTED TO CHANGES IN OWNERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT OF THE FIRMS INVOLVED. THIS STUDY ALSO SHOWS THAT THE GENERAL ECONOMY DID NOT CHANGE APPRECIABLY. RED OAK SHOWED A CHANGE IN LAND USE AND ZONING IN RELOCATION. INCREASED COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL USE ALONG THE HIGHWAY WAS EVIDENCED. SIMILAR EFFECTS IN CORNING HAVE NOT TAKEN PLACE THOUGH SUCH CHANGES CHANGES ARE EXPECTED TO OCCUR IN THE FUTURE. /FHWA/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Iowa State Highway Commission

    800 Lincoln Way
    Ames, IA  United States  50010

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Publication Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201231
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Federal Highway Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Mar 7 1971 12:00AM