Calibration of HDM-4 Models for Estimating the Effect of Pavement Roughness on Fuel Consumption for U. S. Conditions

Fuel consumption costs are an essential part of life-cycle cost analysis. These costs are influenced by vehicle technology, pavement condition, roadway geometrics, environment, speed, and other factors. Many models for the effects of pavement condition on fuel consumption were developed on the basis of data generated years ago in other countries for vehicles that vary substantially from those used currently in the United States. Therefore, new information is needed to help in refining and developing models that would better apply to U.S. conditions. The mechanistic model developed as part of the Highway Development and Management software (HDM-4) is recommended after calibration for predicting fuel consumption. The results of the calibration exercise for U.S. conditions, with field data collected as part of the NCHRP Project 1-45, are presented. The calibrated HDM-4 fuel consumption model was able to predict very adequately the fuel consumption of five different vehicle classes under different operating, weather, and pavement conditions. The better accuracy achieved after calibration has improved the prediction of the effect of roughness on fuel consumption. The comparison of sensitivity analyses before and after calibration has shown that the effect of roughness on fuel consumption increased by 1.75 for the van, 1.70 for the articulated truck, 1.60 for the medium car, 1.35 for the sport utility vehicle, and 1.15 for the light truck.


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  • Accession Number: 01152512
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9780309142854
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 10-2132
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jan 25 2010 10:59AM