A STUDY OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF INTERSTATE HIGHWAY 20 ON MERKEL, TEXAS

THE EFFECTS OF A SECTION OF IH-20 BYPASSING MERKEL ARE STUDIED, IN TERMS OF CHANGES IN LAND VALUES, LAND USE, BUSINESS ACTIVITY, TRAVEL HABITS, AND GENERAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT. THE OLD ROUTE, US 80, BISECTS THE TOWN OF MERKEL AND IH-20, IN TURN, BISECTS THE NORTHERN HALF. THE NORTHERN PART IS TAKEN TO BE THE STUDY AREA AND THE SOUTHERN PART AS THE CONTROL. LAND VALUES INCREASED GENERALLY AND TO A SOMEWHAT GREATER EXTENT IN THE STUDY AREA. SIGNIFICANT COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT OCCURRED NEAR THE NEW HIGHWAY, WITH COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISES STARTED IN 3 OF THE QUADRANTS OF THE SOLE INTERSTATE INTERCHANGE IN THE TOWN. OLD TRAFFIC-SERVING BUSINESSES ALONG THE OLD ROUTE WERE ADVERSELY AFFECTED BUT GROSS SALES OF OTHER BUSINESSES INCREASED. THE NUMBER OF RESIDENTS USING THE NEW HIGHWAY INCREASED FROM 1959 /THE YEAR AFTER COMPLETION/ TO 1962 AND OVER HALF OF THE USERS QUESTIONED STATED THAT THE NEW HIGHWAY SAVED THEM A SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT OF TRAVEL TIME. OTHER ECONOMIC INDICATORS SUGGESTED GENERAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT. /BPR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Hpr-1/5/, 2-10-57-4, RPD 4-7
  • Corporate Authors:

    Texas A&M University, College Station

    College Station, TX  USA  77840
  • Authors:
    • Buffington, J L
  • Publication Date: 1966-4

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201163
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 1 1994 12:00AM