HIGHWAYS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN OHIO, VOLUME 1

TO ESTABLISH SOME EMPIRICAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE LEVEL OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AND THE LEVEL OF TRANSPORT CAPACITY IN A COUNTY, THE IMPACT OF HIGHWAY GROWTH PATTERNS ON ECONOMIC GROWTH WAS STUDIED IN ALL 88 COUNTIES OF OHIO FOR THE PERIOD 1950-1967. HIGHWAY DENSITY WAS MEASURED BY A RATING SYSTEM ACCORDING TO (1) WIDTH, (2) CURVATURE, (3) GRADIENT, AND (4) ACCESS CONTROL OF THE HIGHWAY. HIGHWAYS BUILT TO INTERSTATE STANDARDS WERE RATED AT 100 POINTS. THE ECONOMIC GROWTH FOR EACH COUNTY WAS MEASURED BY THE GROWTH IN PER CAPITA INCOME BASED ON THE STATE'S PER CAPITA SALES TAX IN EACH COUNTY. THESE DATA WERE COMBINED WITH THE U.S. CENSUS BUREAU INFORMATION ON TOTAL AND PER CAPITA PERSONAL INCOME FOR SMSA AND NON-SMSA COUNTIES IN OHIO. THE STUDY REVEALS A POSITIVE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LEVEL OF HIGHWAY CAPACITY AND THE LEVEL OF INCOM IN A REGION, ALTHOUGH THIS RELATIONSHIP VARIES WIDELY FROM ONE REGION TO ANOTHER IN THE STATE. IT WAS OBSERVED THAT THE INTERSTATE HIGHWAY NETWORK NOT ONLY INDUCED GROWTH IN A PARTICULAR REGION, BUT ALSO CONTRIBUTED TO THE GROWTH OF NEIGHBORING REGIONS. IF LEVEL OF INCOME IS USED AS A CRITERIAN, LESS PROSPEROUS AREAS ARE MORE RESPONSIVE TO INCREMENTS IN HIGHWAY DENSITY THAN PROSPEROUS AREAS. /FHWA/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Ohio University, Athens

    3 Canterbury Drive
    Athens, OH  USA  45701

    Ohio Department of Highways

    Columbus, OH  USA  43210

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  USA  20590
  • Authors:
    • Williams, R L
    • Koshal, R K
  • Publication Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201154
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Federal Highway Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 11 1971 12:00AM