Analyzing Evacuation Behavior of Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations in Northern New Jersey

In the post-Katrina period, researchers and federal agencies involved in evacuation planning have expressed serious concern about the failure of conventional, automobile-oriented evacuation approaches in serving the needs of transportation-disadvantaged populations during times of disaster. This paper provides empirical evidence documenting significant differences between the general population and transportation-disadvantaged groups in their evacuation behavior. The empirical evidence is based on an analysis of household survey data on stated evacuation response to a series of hypothetical disaster scenarios in a seven-county region of northern New Jersey. Discrete choice and regression models demonstrate that potential evacuation behavior among disadvantaged populations could be significantly different from others in terms of evacuation rate, mode choice and destination choice. This evidence highlights the importance of incorporating multi-modal approaches in evacuation plans that fully address the transportation and shelter needs of transportation-disadvantaged populations.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: DVD
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 18p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 89th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers DVD

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01157124
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 10-1584
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jan 25 2010 10:42AM