ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS FOR DIAL-A-RIDE

AN ANALYSIS OF THE MARKET ENVIRONMENT CONCLUDES THAT DIAL-A-RIDE WOULD EFFECTIVELY SUPPLEMENT BUS AND TAXI SERVICES BY PROVIDING TRANSPORTATION TO 8--15 PASSENGERS PER HOUR AT RATES OF LESS THAN ONE DOLLAR. ALTERNATIVE METHODS FOR COMPUTING PROBABLE MARKET DEMAND ARE DISCUSSED. A DETAILED COST SUMMARY IS PROVIDED WITH REFERENCE TO: AVERAGE ESTIMATED COSTS PER TRIP (APPROXIMATELY 51 CENTS); TOTAL OPERATING COSTS (VEHICLES, LABOR, MAINTENANCE, AND OVERHEAD); COMMUNICATIONS AND CONTROL (THE COSTS OF RECEIVING SERVICE REQUESTS, COMPUTER PROCESSING, AND DISPATCHING VEHICLES); COMPUTER OPERATION COSTS; AND GENERAL MANAGEMENT COSTS. BASED UPON VARIABLE REQUIREMENTS AND PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS, IT IS CONCLUDED THAT A DIAL-A-RIDE SYSTEM CAN OPERATE FOR AS LITTLE AS 30 CENTS PER PASSENGER. RELEVANT EQUATIONS ARE ALSO DEVELOPED WITH WHICH TO COMPARE THE COSTS OF DIFFERENT TRANSPORTATION MODES WITHIN A SPECIFIC URBAN SITUATION. THE REPORT ALSO CONTAINES A DETAILED DEMAND ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE THE PROBABLE MARKET FOR DIAL-A-RIDE SERVICE. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT TIME COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH PUBLIC TRANSIT WILL HAVE TO COMPETE FAVORABLY WITH PARKING COSTS BEFORE AUTOMOBILE COMMUTERS WILL PATRONIZE THE BUS. THE ECONOMIC ATTRACTIVENESS OF DIAL-A-RIDE AS COMPARED WITH PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION IS DISCUSSED ACCORDING TO A VARIETY OF ASSUMPTIONS. ADDITIONAL FIELD TESTING WILL BE NECESSARY TO DEFINE THE TRANSIT MARKET MORE ADEQUATELY. THE REPORT CONCLUDES WITH AN ANALYSIS OF PRICING POLICIES FOR DIAL-A-RIDE BASED ON TIME OF DAY; TRIP LENGTH AND LOCATION, OR TRIP TIME. THE PROBABLE VALUE OF COMMUTING TIME TO RIDERS IN DIFFERENT INCOME CATEGORIES IS ALSO COMPUTED. APPENDICES DOCUMENT METHODS OF DRIVER COSTING AND RESULTS OF AN ATTITUDE SURVEY CONDUCTED AMONG USERS OF DIFFERENT COMMUTER MODES. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO MASS-MTD-6
  • Corporate Authors:

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Urban Systems Laboratory, 77 Massachusetts Avenue
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02139
  • Authors:
    • STAFFORD, J
  • Publication Date: 1971-3

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201058
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Oct 15 1972 12:00AM