Modal Composition of Cargo Transportation and Income Distribution in Brazil

A Leontief–Miyazawa model was estimated to measure the income distribution effects of changes in the modal composition of cargo transportation in Brazil. A transfer of 10% of road transportation to rail or water was simulated. The results show that the relative impacts are small, considering the size of the Brazilian economy and the small importance given to the transportation sector. Increases in the share of rail or water transportation will increase GDP and personal income but will decrease employment. Increases in the share of rail transportation will have more positive effects on personal income and income distribution than increases in the share of water transportation. A change to water transportation will result in a larger GDP change and a smaller number of jobs lost in comparison with a change to rail transportation. Although rail and water transportations present larger shares of intermediate purchases from the pro-poor sectors than road transportation, the latter directly distributes more income to the low-income brackets. Overall, the result is a very modest change in the Gini coefficient.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: DVD
  • Features: Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 25p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 89th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers DVD

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01157025
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 10-1145
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jan 25 2010 10:30AM