RIGHT OF WAY EFFECTS OF CONTROLLED ACCESS TYPE HIGHWAY ON A RANCHING AREA IN MADISON COUNTY, TEXAS

THIS REPORT ENUMERATES THE EFFECTS AND THE PROBABLE EFFECTS ON SMALL RANCH OPERATING UNITS BY THE ACQUISITION OF RIGHT-OF-WAY FOR AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF AN 18 MILE SECTION OF INTERSTATE 45 IN MADISON COUNTY, TEXAS. SINCE THIS IS PRIMARILY A RANCHING AREA, THIS REPORT PRESENTS FINDINGS DEVELOPED THROUGH PERSONAL INTERVIEWS WITH AFFECTED OPERATORS OF LAND ACQUIRED FOR I-45 AND WITH CONTROL AREA OPERATORS TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF THE NEWLY CONSTRUCTED HIGHWAY, WHICH IS ALL ON NEW LOCATION, ON LIVESTOCK OPERATIONS. THE OBJECTIVES WERE TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF RIGHT-OF-WAY ACQUISITION ON: (1) CHANGES IN KIND AND INTENSITY OF RURAL LAND USE, (2) CHANGES IN NUMBER OF FARM AND RANCH UNITS, TENURE AND INTENSITY OF OPERATIONS, (3) COST OF ADJUSTMENTS TO NEW FARM AND OPERATING CONDITIONS, AND (4) CHANGES IN FARM INCOME CAUSED BY DECREASING FARM ACREAGE AND DIVISION OF UNITS INTO SEPARATE TRACTS. DATA WERE COLLECTED FOR 1962, 1964, AND 1966. THESE PERIODS REPRESENTED THE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER CONSTRUCTION PERIODS FOR THE I-45 SECTION UNDER STUDY. THUS, A MODIFIED BEFORE AND AFTER APPROACH WAS USED FOR THIS STUDY. THE RESEARCHERS SELECTED A CONTROL GROUP OF OPERATING UNITS IN THE VICINITY OF THE STUDY GROUP AREA BUT OUTSIDE THE DIRECT INTEREST OF THE NEW HIGHWAY TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT EXTERNAL OR GENERAL INFLUENCES DURING THE STUDY PERIOD. AMONG THE FINDINGS FROM THIS RESEARCH WERE: (1) THAT MORE INTENSIVE LAND USE ALLOWED THE OPERATORS TO REDUCE THE ACRE-ANIMAL RATIO FROM 10.1 ACRES PER COW IN 1962 TO 7.4 IN 1966. THE CONTROL AREA HAD A 9.6 RATIO IN 1962 COMPARED TO 8.7 IN 1966, (2) THAT SOME ADVERSE ECONOMIC AFFECTS WERE NOTED IN 1964, HOWEVER, BY 1966 THE OPERATORS HAD MADE THE NECESSARY ADJUSTMENTS TO OFFSET THE LOSS OF ACREAGE AND SHOWED AN INCREASE IN INCOME, AND (3) THAT SOME ADDITIONAL TRAVEL HAD BECOME NECESSARY BECAUSE OF INCREASED DISTANCES TO TOWN, BUT THIS WAS OFFSET BY THE LESS CONGESTED ROUTE. /BPR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Hpr, 2-15-63-58-4, HPR-1(8)
  • Corporate Authors:

    Texas A&M University, College Station

    College Station, TX  USA  77840

    Texas State Department of Highways & Public Transp

    11th and Brazos Streets
    Austin, TX  USA  78701

    Bureau of Public Roads /US

    400 7th Street, SW
    Washington, DC  USA  20590
  • Authors:
    • MEUTH, H G
  • Publication Date: 1968-12

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00200809
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Oct 22 1994 12:00AM