Evaluation of the Safety Effects of Lane Arrangements on Freeway Segments with Closely Spaced Entrance and Exit Ramps

The number and arrangement of lanes on freeways are important considerations in freeway geometric design. The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety impacts of lane arrangements on freeway segments with closely spaced entrance and exit ramps. Three different types of lane arrangements were considered. They were designated as type A, type B and type C arrangements. The research team compared crash frequency, crash rate, crash severity, and collision types for freeway segments with different types of lane arrangements. Crash prediction models were developed to relate crash counts to various explanatory variables such as traffic conditions and geometric characteristics. The crash data analysis results show that the type C arrangement has the best safety performance in terms of the lowest average crash frequency and crash rate. Type C arrangement uses a continuous auxiliary lane to connect the entrance and exit ramps. The auxiliary is dropped in a one-lane exit. Freeway segments with the type B arrangement reported the highest average crash frequency, crash rate, and percentage of fatal plus severe injury crashes. Based on the crash prediction models, if other factors remain constant, a type B arrangement results in 113% more total crashes and 102% more severe crashes than does a type C arrangement. Crash data analysis results suggest that the type B arrangement should be used cautiously when entrance and exit ramps are closely spaced.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: DVD
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 16p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 89th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers DVD

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01153422
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 10-0578
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jan 25 2010 10:17AM