FUNCTIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION

A FUNCTIONAL SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION IS BEING UNDERTAKEN OF ALL U.S. HIGHWAYS, ROADS AND STREETS BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION UNDER AN ACT OF CONGRESS. A NATIONWIDE, COMPREHENSIVE, AND CONSISTENT EFFORT IS BEING MADE TO IDENTIFY ARTERIAL AND LOCAL SYSTEMS ACCORDING TO THEIR VARIOUS FUNCTIONS AND IMPORTANCE IN SERVING TRAFFIC AND LAND USE. CONGRESS FEELS THAT THE FUNCTIONAL SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION STUDY IS DESIRABLE AS ONE OF THE BASES FOR REALIGNING FEDERAL HIGHWAY PROGRAMS TO BETTER MEET FUTURE NEEDS AND PRIORITIES. THE NATIONAL SYSTEM OF INTERSTATE AND DEFENSE HIGHWAYS IS THE BEST EXAMPLE OF WHAT FUNCTIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION MEANS. IT PROVIDES THE MOST IMPORTANT NATIONWIDE SERVICE ON THE LEAST MILEAGE WHERE FUNDS CAN BE CONCENTRATED FOR MAXIMUM IMPROVEMENTS PROVIDING GREATEST SAFETY AND OTHER BENEFITS. SINCE ALL ROADS AND STREETS ARE NOT EQUALLY IMPORTANT TO THE GENERAL WELFARE, CHOICES MUST BE MADE. THE PROPER FUNCTION OF ANY ROAD OR STREET IS DETERMINED BY CONSIDERATION OF NUMEROUS COMPLEX FACTORS WHICH HELP TO DEFINE THE IMPORTANCE OF EACH LINK IN THE TOTAL NETWORK, IN TERMS OF THE LINK'S CONTRIBUTION TO TRAFFIC MOVEMENT, LAND SERVICE, AND THE GENERAL ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, AND CULTURAL WELFARE OF THE PEOPLE. LINKS OF SIMILAR SIGNIFICANCE ARE GROUPED AND ORGANIZED INTO CONNECTED SYSTEMS, AND EACH SYSTEM IS CORRDINATED WITH ALL OTHERS. AT THE STATE LEVEL, INITIALLY STATE HIGHWAY SYSTEMS WERE SELECTED FROM EXISTING COUNTY AND TOWNSHIP ROADS. THE LACK OF PROPERLY DEFINED AREAS WITHIN STATES AND WITHIN LOCAL AREAS IS RESPONSIBLE FOR MANY DIFFICULTIES IN THE EFFICIENT DEVELOPMENT OF THE NETWORK AND IN THE INTEGRATION BETWEEN RURAL AND URBAN AREAS. WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THE INTERSTATE SYSTEM, THERE IS LITTLE DIRECT CORRELATION BETWEEN THE SEVERAL FEDERAL-AID SYSTEMS AND THE ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEMS THOUGHOUT THE COUNTRY. THIS MAKES DIFFICULT THE FIXING OF SOUND FEDERAL-AID POLICY AND FINANCIAL AIDS TO STATES AND LOCAL JURISDICTIONS. FUNCTIONAL SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION MUST BE COMBINED WITH FACTUAL ANALYSIS OF TRANSPORTATION NEEDS WITH RELATED FISCAL ANALYSIS, IN ORDER TO PROVIDE THE GUIDELINES FOR SOUND FEDERAL, STATE AND LOCAL HIGHWAY DEVELOPMENT POLICY. FUNCTIONAL SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION IS NOT A STATIC PLAN, BUT MUST CHANGE GRADUALLY, UNDER DEFINED CRITERIA.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • No 1, 19 pp
  • Corporate Authors:

    Automotive Safety Foundation

    1776 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20036
  • Authors:
    • Granum, J O
  • Publication Date: 1969-8

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00200387
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 27 1970 12:00AM