An Assessment of the Near-Term Costs of Hydrogen Refueling Stations and Station Components

Interest in hydrogen as a transportation fuel is growing in California. Plans are underway to construct a "Hydrogen Highway" network of stations across the state to stimulate fuel cell vehicle deployment. One of the key challenges in the planning and financing of this network is determining the costs of the stations. The purpose of this report is to examine the near-term costs of building hydrogen stations of various types and sizes. The costs for seven different station types are analyzed with respect to size, siting factors, and operating factors. The first section of the report reviews the existing body of knowledge on hydrogen station costs. In the second section, hydrogen station cost data from the Compendium of Hydrogen Refueling Equipment Costs (CHREC), a database created to organize and analyze data collected from equipment suppliers, existing stations and literature, is presented. The third section of the report presents the Hydrogen Station Cost Model (HSCM), an engineering /economic model developed to analyze the cost of stations. Conclusions: 1) commercial scale station costs vary widely; 2) existing cost analyses tend to underestimate true station costs; 3) station utilization has the most significant impact on hydrogen pricing; 4) costs can be reduced by siting stations at strategic locations; 5) fuel costs are higher at small stations; 6) energy stations that produce electricity for stationary uses and hydrogen for vehicles have the potential for low-cost hydrogen due to equipment utilization.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 57p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01149120
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: UC Berkeley Transportation Library
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UCD-ITS-RR-06-03
  • Files: BTRIS, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 21 2010 2:46PM