Modelling Activity Generation: A Utility-based Model for Activity-agenda Formation

This article presents an econometric modelling framework for activity-agenda formation. The activity-agenda is referred to the collection of different types of activities to be scheduled within a specific time period (time budget). The concept of activity utility is used to model frequencies of all individual activity types under consideration within a specific time budget constraint. Contrary to univariate modelling approach for individual activity types separately, this approach deals with all activity types together in a unified econometric modelling framework. The specification of the model also ensures the scope for unplanned (or not defined a priori) activities within the time budget. Kuhn-Tucker optimality condition is used to ensure the probability of having zero frequency of any specific activity type. Each individual activity-specific utility has 2 components: baseline utility and additional utility. The logarithmic function of additional utility ensures the satiation effect with increasing frequency. The heterogeneity in activity behavior is also considered by incorporating error correlation in baseline utility. Data from the 2002-2003 CHASE survey, collected in Toronto are used to test the model specifications. Application of this modelling framework in an activity-based travel demand model will greatly enhance behavioral validity as well as sensitivity to subtle transportation policies of travel demand models.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract reprinted with permission from Taylor and Francis
  • Authors:
    • Habib, Khandker M Nurul
    • Miller, Eric J
  • Publication Date: 2009-1

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01148102
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 21 2010 2:20PM