Visual, Auditory, Cognitive, and Psychomotor Demands of Real In-Vehicle Tasks

Two analysts rated the visual, auditory, cognitive, and psychomotor demands of 68 subtasks (e.g., prepare to eat/drink, converse on the cell phone) performed while driving. Ratings were relative to anchors from the U.S. Army IMPRINT modeling tool (0-to-7 scale). Video clips of those subtasks were sampled from the advanced collision avoidance system (ACAS) field operational test (FOT) database, a naturalistic study of driving previously performed by UMTRI. Key findings were: 1. The most demanding tasks were dialing a phone, answering a phone, lighting a cigar or cigarette, dealing with pet and insect distractions, dealing with spilled drinks and food, typing with 2 thumbs, and drinking from a cup, in that order. 2. Demand levels within subtasks were moderately correlated (visual-cognitive=0.68, visual-psychomotor=0.48, cognitive-auditory=0.42, cognitive -psychomotor=0.34) or close to 0. 3. In terms of these ratings, cognitive demands, both per unit time and when weighted by exposure, were consistently double the value of others. 4. Demands varied to a limited degree among road types. 5. There were consistent differences in demand due to driver age and sex. Researchers are encouraged to use the demand ratings provided and extend them to other tasks so tasks can be compared across experiments.

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    University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute

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  • Authors:
    • Yee, Serge
    • Nguyen, Lan
    • Green, Paul
    • Oberholtzer, Jessica
    • Miller, Baylee
  • Publication Date: 2007-3


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 110p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01149502
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UMTRI-2006-20
  • Contract Numbers: DRDA 04-4274
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 20 2010 4:33PM