INTERCITY PASSENGER TRANSPORT STUDY

THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY IS TO PROVIDE A PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF THE POTENTIAL APPLICATION OF NEW TECHNOLOGY TO INTERCITY PASSENGER TRAVEL IN CANADA AND TO IDENTIFY THOSE TECHNOLOGIES WHERE FURTHER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SEEMS JUSTIFIED. SPECIAL EMPHASIS IS PLACED ON THE TRAVEL REQUIREMENTS OF THE MONTREAL/TORONTO/OTTAWA CORRIDOR. TECHNOLOGICAL AND COST CHARACTERISTICS FOR SEVERAL INNOVATIVE MODES OF TRANSPORTATION INCLUDING SHORT TAKE OFF AND LANDING AIRCRAFT, TRACKED AIR CUSHION VEHICLES AND NEW FORMS OF HIGH-SPEED RAIL TRANSPORT ARE COMPARED WITH EXISTING TECHNOLOGIES FOR CONVENTIONAL AIR, RAIL AND BUS SERVICES. THE STUDY PRESENTS INFORMATION ON PRESENT TRAVEL PATTERNS AND POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REGION. DATA ON TRAVEL PATTERNS AND FACTORS INFLUENCING MODAL CHOICE, COLLECTED AS PART OF AN ORIGIN/DESTINATION SURVEY CONDUCTED DURING THE SUMMER OF 1969, ARE SUMMARIZED AND FORM THE BASIS OF TRAVEL FORECASTS WHICH ARE DEVELOPED IN THE REPORT. A MATHEMATICAL MODEL IS ALSO DEVELOPED WHICH CAN BE USED TO FORECAST TRAVEL DEMAND FOR DIFFERENT MODES OF TRANSPORTATION ON THE BASIS OF ESTIMATES OF POPULATION AND INCOME GROWTH AS WELL AS THE SERVICE CHARACTERISTICS (SUCH AS COST, TIME AND FREQUENCY OF SERVICE) OF AVAILABLE MODES OF TRANSPORTATION. SIX DIFFERENT DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES ARE THEN COMPARED IN TERMS OF THE REVENUES, COSTS AND TRAFFIC VOLUMES ASSOCIATED WITH EACH OVER A TWENTY YEAR TIME PERIOD. THESE STRATEGIES INCLUDE PRESENT TECHNOLOGY WITH MINOR MODIFICATIONS, THREE DIFFERENT HIGH-SPEED RAIL TECHNOLOGIES INVOLVING SUCCESSIVE REDUCTIONS IN TOTAL RUNNING TIME BETWEEN TORONTO AND MONTREAL THROUGH THE INTRODUCTION OF TURBO TYPE EQUIPMENT AND MAJOR TRACK IMPROVEMENTS, A STRATEGY INVOLVING THE USE OF SHORT TAKE OFF AIRCRAFT AND FINALLY THE DEVELOPMENT OF A TRACKED AIR CUSHION VEHICLE SYSTEM. THESE STRATEGIES ARE SUBJECTED TO AN ECONOMIC EVALUATION IN WHICH THE CONTRIBUTION THAT EACH STRATEGY MAKES TO THE OVERALL FINANCIAL PROFITABILITY OF THE ENTIRE INTERCITY PASSENGER SYSTEM IS COMPARED TO THE PRESENT TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY. BASED ON THIS FINANCIAL ANALYSIS, THE MAJOR CONCLUSION OF THE STUDY IS THAT THE MOST PROFITABLE STRATEGY TO ADOPT INVOLVES MAXIMIZING THE POTENTIAL OF EXISTING RAILWAY FACILITIES THROUGH THE INTRODUCTION OF NEW VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY SUCH AS THE TURBO TRAIN. HEAVY CAPITAL EXPENDITURES TO IMPROVE THE EXISTING TRACK STRUCTURE DO NOT APPEAR TO BE JUSTIFIED ON FINANCIAL GROUNDS. HOWEVER, CONSIDERING OTHER OBJECTIVES SUCH AS REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT OR THE DEVELOPMENT OF EXPORT ORIENTED INDUSTRY, SHORT TAKE OFF AND LANDING SYSTEMS STRATEGIES WHICH STAND OUT AS WORTHY OF FURTHER STRATEGIES WHICH STAND OUT AS WORTHY OF FURTHER RESEARCH AND CONSIDERATION, THOUGH EACH INVOLVES RELATIVELY SMALL FINANCIAL LOSSES OVER THE 20 YEAR STUDY PERIOD. SUGGESTIONS ARE INCLUDED FOR FURTHER RESEARCH AND REFINEMENTS OF THE PRESENT ANALYSIS. AND TRACKED AIR CUSHION VEHICLE SYSTEMS ARE TWO

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • 103 Pp, 104 FIG, 45 TAB, 15 REF, 1 APP
  • Corporate Authors:

    Canadian Ministry of Transport

    , ZZ N/A   
  • Publication Date: 1970-9

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00200147
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Roads & Transportation Assoc /Canada
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 3 1972 12:00AM