Opportunities for Collision Countermeasures Using Intelligent Technologies

Since 1991, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has had a concentrated program to facilitate the development and deployment of effective safety-related collision avoidance systems as part of the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) program within the U. S. Department of Transportation. Research was initiated in developing crash countermeasures (warning or control intervention strategies) that take advantage of existing and developing technologies in the fields of sensors, computers and controls, and displays. The program started with an intensive analysis of safety problems and associated causal factors, in which detailed case studies were conducted to identify problem significance as well as the causal events preceding crashes. These analyses led to the initiation of a number of focused projects to develop and validate specifications for collision avoidance (CA) systems for the more significant collision types. This paper will discuss the nature of the collision problem and countermeasures suggested by the problem analysis. It will summarize those activities that have been accomplished to date, as well as the major thrusts that are planned during the next 5 years as part of the continuing NHTSA Collision Avoidance Research program. The paper concludes with a discussion of the potential benefits anticipated from a successful program to foster the deployment of effective countermeasure systems/products.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Department for Transport, England

    Great Minster House, 76 Marsham Street
    London,   England  SW1P 4DR

    Co-operative Crash Injury Study

    Transport Research Laboratory
    Crowthorne House, Nine Mile Ride, Wokingham
    Berkshire RG40 3GA,   United Kingdom 
  • Authors:
    • Kanianthra, Joseph N
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1997

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 3-18
  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Real World Crash Injury Research, 11th and 12th June, 1997, Hanover International Hotel, Leicestershire, UK

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01148599
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 5 2010 12:58PM