THE ACTIVITY OF DGON ON PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF NAVIGATION AND POSITIONING
For the past two decades Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Ortung und Navigation has been interested in the psychological and physiological problems of navigation and positioning. Its assembly of experts in shipping and aviation, including specialists in psychology, ergonomics and medicine has made it possible to discuss the problems of sea and air navigation, their interrelation and above all their differences. For shipping, medical inspections for physical fitness have long been the rule, mainly intended to exclude unfit applicants in the light of former conditions-even conditions in sailing ships. Aviation also makes a rigorous selection, partly based on psychological tests, having to select from a large number of candidates. Considering the short duration of flights and the length of sea voyages the psychological problems are quite different and proved tests for aviation are only applicable to a small degree at sea. Other questions, partly sociological, must be carefully thought out or even investigated ab initio. The design of simulators is similar to those for terrestrial vehicles, but their application to various classes of traffic is different. Above all the wide variety of vehicles employed, both in air and sea traffic (coastal and high-seas navigation, slow vessels, and pleasure craft both at sea and in the air), is very important. The problems of automation apply to all. The paper discusses some of the problems in this field which have been handled by DGON in collaboration with the shipping companies, Lufthansa and scientists and experts of the Bundeswehr.
- From Man and Navigation, Summaries of the papers presented at the International Congress of the Institutes of Navigation held at the University of Sussex, Falmer, England, 10-14 Sept 1979.
Royal Institute of Navigation, England1 Kensington Gore
London SW7, England
- Publication Date: 1979
- Pagination: n.p.
- TRT Terms: Bridges (Ships); Ergonomics; Human factors engineering; Navigation systems; Position fixing; Ship simulators
- Old TRIS Terms: Position finding
- Subject Areas: Marine Transportation; Operations and Traffic Management; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00197081
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: Conf Paper
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Sep 29 1979 12:00AM