NATURAL GAS AND ITS IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT

THE BENEFICIAL EFFECTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT RESULTING FROM THE WIDESPREAD USE OF NATURAL GAS, THE SUPPLY OF AND DEMAND FOR THE COMMODITY, THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW GAS TECHNOLOGY FOR CONSERVATION OF ENERGY, THE DEVELOPMENT OF SUPPLEMENTAL SOURCES OF NATURAL GAS ARE REVIEWED. NATURAL GAS DOES NOT POLLUTE WATER OR DISFIGURE THE LANDSCAPE AND OFFERS THE BEST MEANS OF ALLEVIATING AIR POLLUTION. THE NETWORK OF NATURAL GAS TRANSMISSION MAINS IS UNDERGROUND, AND INGENIOUS CAMOUFLAGE HAS BEEN USED IN DISGUISING COMPRESSOR STATIONS, INSURING THAT THEY ARE COMPATIBLE WITH THE SURROUNDINGS. NATURAL GAS SYSTEMS NOW IN THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING STAGES COULD CHANGE THE NATURE OF VEHICULAR FUEL SYSTEMS. COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS HAS BEEN IN USE FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS AND LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS IS BEING TESTED AS A POSSIBLE VEHICLE POWER SOURCE. THE DEVELOPMENT OF GAS-FIRED HIGH TEMPERATURE SOLID WASTE CONVERSION SYSTEMS WILL CONTRIBUTE TO THE ALLEVIATION OF THE SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL PROBLEM. GREATER AND MORE DIVERSIFIED USE OF NATURAL GAS IN RESIDENTIAL DWELLINGS WOULD HAVE AMONG OTHER BENEFITS, THE LESSENING OF POLLUTION. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FUEL CELL WILL OFFER A SELF-CONTAINED TOTAL ENERGY SOURCE IN THE HOME. THE DEMAND FOR GAS WILL CONTINUE TO INCREASE AT A RATE FASTER THAN FOR PETROLEUM OR COAL, AND THE CONSTANTLY DECREASING PRODUCTION RATES FOR NATURAL GAS WILL RESULT IN SHORTAGES UNLESS NEW PROVED RESERVES ARE ADDED. THE THREE MAJOR POTENTIAL SOURCES OF THE GAS ARE, THE DOMESTIC SUPPLY FROM THE 48 STATES, THE ANTICIPATED SUPPLY FROM ALASKA, AND THAT EXPECTED FROM THE GASIFICATION OF COAL RESERVES. ACTIONS WHICH COULD BE TAKEN TO TAP THE VAST U.S. RESERVES ARE LISTED. VARIOUS TECHNOLOGICAL CONCEPTS WHICH COULD BE DEVELOPED TO ACHIEVE GREATER EFFICIENCIES IN THE USE OF NATURAL GAS ARE REVIEWED. THE COAL GASIFICATION RESEARCH EFFORT IS DISCUSSED AS IS ALSO THE IMPORTATION OF LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS. THE NUCLEAR STIMULATION OF TIGHT GAS FORMATIONS AND TECHNIQUES FOR NATURAL GAS REFORMATION FROM VARIOUS LIQUID HYDROCARBONS ARE SOME OF THE NEW GAS SUPPLY SOURCES OUTLINED.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Institute of Environmental Sciences

    940 East Northwest Highway
    Mount Prospect, IL  United States  60056
  • Authors:
    • Lawrence, G H
  • Publication Date: 1973

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Photos;
  • Pagination: p. 31-41

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00202455
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 7 1974 12:00AM