U. S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles: Report #15 in the Series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, Based on 1990-1991 Data

This Report examines how much the U.S. Federal government would reduce its military commitment in the Persian Gulf if the U.S. highway transportation sector did not use oil. The analysis proceeds in four parts. First, the U.S. protects its “oil interests” in the Persian Gulf primarily to prevent supply disruptions and sudden price rises and the attendant macroeconomic problems. Arguments that the U.S. has other interests in the region substantially more important than those related to oil are reviewed and rebutted. Next, the best available estimates of the amount that the U.S. military spends to protect U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf are presented. Third, whether any of the economic assistance granted to Middle Eastern countries is related to U.S. oil interests in the region is considered. Finally, an estimate of the military cost of using oil in highway transportation is derived from the estimate of the cost of defending all U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf. It is estimated that if U.S. motor vehicles did not use petroleum, the U.S. would (or could) reduce its peacetime and wartime defense expenditures by roughly $3 to $33 billion per year. This report is a 2006 revision of a report first published in 1996.


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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01147387
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: UC Berkeley Transportation Library
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UCD-ITS-RR-96-03(15)_rev2
  • Files: BTRIS, TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 14 2009 2:33PM