Anisotropic Strength Evaluation of Clay Reinforced with Grout Piles

Grout piles are often used to reinforce the base soil against base heave when carrying out deep excavations in soft clay. However, there is still a lack of an adequate criterion to describe the shear strength of clay reinforced with grout piles. In general, the anisotropic strength characteristic of clay reinforced with grout piles is more significant than that of clay. The objective of this work is to develop an anisotropic strength criterion for the reinforced soil mass. Only four parameters are needed in this anisotropic strength criterion: two are the strength properties of the in situ clay, namely, the axial compressive and axial extensive undrained shear strengths; another is the undrained shear strength of treated soil; and the final is the improvement ratio which is related to the spacing and layout pattern of the grout piles. To be used in two-dimensional undrained stability analysis, the suitability of this anisotropic strength criterion under plane strain conditions is verified by comparing the results with true triaxial test. The maximum difference between the calculated and laboratory measured shear strengths is less than 8%. The results of this study indicate that the anisotropic undrained shear strength of clay reinforced with grout piles under plane strain condition decreases with an increase in the angle between the vertical direction and the major principal stress and decreases with a decrease in the strength anisotropy ratio of clay reinforced with grout piles. However, there will be a greater improvement in the effect if the grout piles are installed in the active zone rather than in the passive zone. This is because the shear strength of a grout pile mobilized in the active zone is close to its maximum level.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01145995
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 28 2009 8:56PM