Laboratory Evaluation of the Briaud Compaction Device

Soil compaction quality control plays an important role in earthwork construction. Compacted dry density is only loosely related to the actual deformation of the compacted soil. Rather than using dry density as the controlling factor for compacted fills, it would be better to measure properties more closely related to soil compressibility. The Briaud compaction device (BCD) is a simple, small-strain, nondestructive testing apparatus that can be used to evaluate the modulus of compacted soils. The use of the BCD as a field testing device for compacted soil quality control may be more beneficial than the current practice of measuring in situ dry density. In this study, the laboratory procedures of the BCD were evaluated for compacted silt. The modulus determined by the BCD was compared to the dynamic elastic moduli (Young's and shear moduli) determined from ultrasonic pulse velocity testing on the same compacted silt samples. The BCD modulus correlated well with the ultrasonic pulse velocity results with R2 value of 0.8 or better. Finally, a repeatability and reproducibility study conducted on the BCD showed a variation of 4% from the mean when only the soil properties were altered.


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  • Accession Number: 01146007
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 28 2009 8:51PM