Energy and Greenhouse Gas Impacts of Biofuels: A Framework for Analysis

In this paper, we review some of the basic energy balance and climate change impact issues associated with biofuels. For both the basic energy and greenhouse gas balances of producing and using a range of fuels, and for the increasingly debated and important issues of nongreenhouse gas impacts such as land, fertilizer, and water use, we conclude that an improved framework for the analysis and evaluation of biofuels is needed. These new methodologies and data sets are needed on both physical and socioeconomic aspects of the life-cycle of biofuels. We detail some of components that could be used to build this methodology and highlight key areas for future research. We look at the history and potential impacts of building the resource base for biofuel research, as well as at some of the land-use and socioeconomic impacts of different feedstock-to-fuel pathways.

  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of California, Berkeley

    Energy and Resources Group, 310 Barrows Hall
    Berkeley, CA  United States  94720

    University of California, Berkeley

    Goldman School of Public Policy
    Berkeley, CA  United States 

    Gaylord Nelson Institute of Environmental Studies


    University of California, Davis

    Plug-in Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Research Center, Institute of Transportation Studies
    Davis, CA  United States  95616
  • Authors:
    • Kammen, Daniel M
    • Farrell, Alexander E
    • Plevin, Richard J
    • Jones, Andrew D
    • Nemet, Gregory F
    • Delucchi, Mark A
  • Publication Date: 2007-9-7


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01145353
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: UC Berkeley Transportation Library
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UCD-ITS-RR-08-04
  • Files: BTRIS, TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 17 2009 4:46PM