A geo-statistical analysis of road mortality in the enlarged EU.

This paper aims at showing and understanding the spatial regional disparities hidden behind average national statistics on road fatalities in Europe; special attention is given on the EU recent enlargement. The work is not limited by differences descriptions, but attempts to understand what is hidden behind the divergences in the risk. The hypothesis to be tested is that the changes in the level of spatial aggregation of the data produce significant differences in the variables describing the level of road safety, and hence in operational recommendation and conclusions. It is likely that external conditions of roas traffic, as well as geographical, demographical and socio-economical aspects related to particular regions predestinates their levels of road safety measured in terms of road mortality. Mortality rates varied more than 75-fold among regions; for example, East and West Dunbartonshire, Helensburgh and Lomond 333 residents per square km, had a mortality rate of 0.88 fatalities per 100000 population, as compared with Alentejo Litoral (Portugal), with 98000 inhabitants (13.56 residents per square km) and mortality rate of 66.31. Differences in road environment charachteristics, road user mix, travel speeds, seat-belt use, types of vehicles, and availibility of emergency care may have been major contrubutors to these variations. The paper further shows that the population density work as a proxy for structural factors that might be difficult to influence by national policies (traffic volume, road user mix, infrastructure and vehicle safety standards). Road safety professionals and decision makers should be aware of the differences existing when trying to reduce road toll of the country in order to do not waste resources. For the covering abstract of the conference see ITRD Abstract n°E218203.

  • Authors:
    • EKSLER, V
    • LASSARE, S
    • THOMAS, I
  • Publication Date: 2005

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01143992
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: TRL
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Nov 16 2009 12:18PM