ON STUDYING THE IMPACT OF RAPID TRANSIT IN THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA

THE CONFERENCE PLANS TO DIVIDE THE QUESTION OF IMPACT OF THE BAY AREA RAPID TRANSIT (BART) INTO THE FOLLOWING SUBJECT AREAS: (1) IMPACT ON LAND USE, (2) IMPACT ON TRAVEL VOLUMES AND FLOWS, (3) IMPACT ON SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS, AND (4) IMPACT ON THE ECONOMICS OF VARIOUS TRANSPORT SYSTEMS AND ECONOMIC AND INDUSTRIAL LIFE OF THE REGION. PRIMARY ATTENTION IS DIRECTED TO THE IMPACT ON TRAVEL VOLUMES AND FLOWS, ALTHOUGH ALL ITEMS ARE DISCUSSED. THE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM THAT HAS DEVELOPED, AND IS IN CURRENT DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING IN THE BAY AREA, FOLLOWS THE CORRIDOR CONFIGURATION DICTATED BY THE REGION'S NATURAL FEATURES. PRECISELY HOW WELL THE POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC LEADERS OF THE AREA WILL USE THE BART LINES AND STATIONS FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE BLUE-COLLAR AND WHITE-COLLAR WORKERS ALIKE IS ONLY A MATTER OF SPECULATION. IMPACT RESEARCH IS MORE THAN AN AFTER THE FACT STUDY AS FAR AS THE BAY AREA IS CONCERNED. QUESTIONS REMAIN AND DIFFICULT DECISIONS ARE NEEDED REGARDING OTHER TRANSPORT FACILITIES. TRAVEL STUDIES ARE REVIEWED THAT HAVE BEEN CONDUCTED. TRANSPORTATION STUDIES MADE ON BART IMPACT TEND TO DENY THE POSSIBILITY OF CERTAIN KINDS OF IMPACTS RESULTING FROM THE OPERATION OF BART. ESTIMATES OF REGIONAL GROWTH OF POPULATION AND EMPLOYMENT WERE PREPARED WITHOUT REGARD TO LEVELS OF TRANSPORT SERVICE THAT WOULD BE AVAILABLE. POSSIBLE TRANSPORTATION DEFICIENCIES WERE NOT REGARDED AS A RESTRAINT ON GROWTH. LOCATION MODELS ASSUMED ACCESSIBILITY TO ALL PLACES OF POTENTIAL DEVELOPMENT FOR RESIDENCE AND EMPLOYMENT. FUTURE PERSON TRIPS WERE GENERATED BASED UPON ESTIMATED CHANGES IN SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF HOUSEHOLDS, BUT WITHOUT REGARD TO NATURE AND QUALITY OF THE TRANSPORT SERVICES OFFERED AND WERE DISTRIBUTED BETWEEN PRODUCTION AND ATTRACTION AREAS USING A HYPOTHETICAL NETWORK THAT MIGHT MEET POTENTIAL DEMANDS. THE MODELING TECHNIQUES MADE NO PROVISION FOR IMPACTS RESULTING FROM DISEQUILIBRIUMS INEVITABLY ARISING DURING THE COURSE OF UNAVOIDABLY PROVIDING TRANSPORT IMPROVEMENTS SEQUENTIALLY. EFFECTIVE IMPACT RESEARCH MAY LEAD TO MORE REALISTIC ASSUMPTIONS AND IMPROVED TECHNIQUES OF URBAN TRANSPORTATION ANALYSIS AND PLANNING. POSSIBLE RESEARCH TECHNIQUES ARE REVIEWED. THE FOLLOWING SPECIFIC CONSEQUENCES THAT CAN BE STUDIED FOR IMPACT RESEARCH ARE: (1) IMPACT ON TRAFFIC VOLUMES AND FLOWS, (2) IMPACT ON ECONOMICS OF URBAN TRANSPORT FACILITIES, AND (3) IMPACT ON QUALITY OF LIFE. THE PURPOSE OF IMPACT RESEARCH SHOULD BE TO DEAL WITH ALL CONSEQUENCES AND THEIR INCIDENCES TO ESTABLISH THAT WHICH CAN BE ESTABLISHED FACTUALLY AND THROUGH THOUGHTFUL ANALYSES, AND CONSTANTLY TO QUESTION UNVERIFIED ASSUMPTIONS AND ASSERTIONS.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Pagination: pp 20-34
  • Monograph Title: Impact of the Bay Area Rapid Transit system on the San Francisco metropolitan region
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201869
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 3 1970 12:00AM