EDP ON THE JOB - BETTER INFORMATION FOR BETTER PROJECT MANAGEMENT

SUCCESSFUL CONTRACTORS ARE USING AUTOMATIC DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS TO PROVIDE CURRENT INFORMATION ON PRESENT AND PAST COSTS AND FURNISH ACTIVITY STATUS REPORTS THAT ARE COMPLETE, ACCURATE AND UP-TO-DATE. EDP IS USED IN ESTIMATING THE CONTRACT BY: (1) DETERMINING COMPONENTS, COMPLEXITY IN LOOKING UP PRICES, AND (2) CLASSIFYING AND PRINTING THE FINAL ESTIMATE. THE QUANTITY TAKE-OFF FROM THE ORIGINAL BLUEPRINT MUST STILL BE DONE BY AN ESTIMATOR, BUT THE COMPUTER IS OF GREAT HELP IN REDUCING THE TIME CONSUMPTION OF THE PROCESS AS WELL AS SIMPLIFYING THE MANY UPDATES. THE TYPICAL ESTIMATING PROCEDURE IS PRESENTED WITH ILLUSTRATIONS. THE CRITICAL PATH METHOD IS USED FOR CONTRACT SCHEDULING WITH HELP OF EDP. THE PROGRAM EVALUATION AND REVIEW TECHNIQUE (PERT) AND CPM TECHNIQUES ARE USED IN PROJECT PLANNING AND SCHEDULING WITH COMPUTER PROGRAMS DOING THE PAPER WORK. A RECENTLY INTRODUCED COMPUTER PROGRAM, CALLED THE PROJECT CONTROL SYSTEM (PCS), CAN ACCEPT INPUT DATA EITHER FOR PERT/CPM OR PRECEDENCE NETWORKS. THE REPORTS PRODUCED BY THE PCS PROGRAM MAY COVER THE ENTIRE PROJECT NETWORK OR ANY PORTION OF IT. LABOR AND MATERIALS CONTROL OF COSTS ARE MANAGED BY EDP. THE NEED FOR BETTER COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN CONSTRUCTION SITES AND THE HOME OFFICE HAS LED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF TELE-PROCESSING SYSTEMS LINKING THE SITES AND THE HOME OFFICE. ONE TYPE OF TERMINAL, BEING USED IN DATA NETWORKS BY MANY CONSTRUCTION COMPANIES, PROVIDES ONE-WAY TRANSMISSION OF PUNCHED-CARD AND NUMERICAL INFORMATION FROM THE FIELD TO THE DATA PROCESSING CENTER. TWO-WAY TERMINALS ALSO USED TODAY, CAN BE PLACED AT JOB SITES AND IS CAPABLE OF INPUT AND OUTPUT WITH PUNCHED CARDS OR TYPEWRITERS. A VISUAL DISPLAY TERMINAL CAN PROVIDE THE MANAGER WITH DIRECT ACCESS TO THE COMPUTER TO REQUEST AN IMMEDIATE REPORT ON THE RESULTS.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 113 No 3, PP 68-78
  • Authors:
    • Reps, I J
  • Publication Date: 1970-3

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201810
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 27 1970 12:00AM