Recommended Practice for Stabilization of Subgrade Soils and Base Materials

Long-term performance of pavement structures is significantly impacted by the stability of the underlying soils. In situ subgrades often do not provide the support required to achieve acceptable performance under traffic loading and environmental demands. Although stabilization is an effective alternative for improving soil properties, the engineering properties derived from stabilization vary widely due to heterogeneity in soil composition, differences in micro and macro structure among soils, heterogeneity of geologic deposits, and differences in physical and chemical interactions between the soil and candidate stabilizers. These variations necessitate the consideration of site-specific treatment options which must be validated through testing of soil-stabilizer mixtures. This report addresses soil treatment with the traditional calcium-based stabilizers: Portland cement, lime, and fly ash. The report describes and compares the basic reactions that occur between these stabilizers and soil and the mechanisms that result in stabilization. The report presents a straightforward methodology to determine which stabilizers should be considered as candidates for stabilization for a specific soil, pavement, and environment. The report then presents a protocol for each stabilizer through which the selection of the stabilizer is validated based on mixture testing and mixture design. The mixture design process defines an acceptable amount of stabilizer for the soil in question based on consistency testing, strength testing, and in some cases (resilient) modulus testing. Within each additive validation and mixture design protocol, an assessment of the potential for deleterious soil-additive reactions is made.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Edition: Contractor Final Report
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 67p
  • Serial:
  • Publication flags:

    Open Access (libre)

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01143741
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9780309435628
  • Report/Paper Numbers: NCHRP Project 20-07
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 3 2009 3:13PM