APTA Primer on Transit Funding - The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users, and Other Related Laws, FY 2004 Through FY 2009

The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), Public Law (P.L.) 109-59, is the current authorizing law that establishes authority to appropriate General Revenues and to spend trust fund monies through limitations on obligations, for highways and transit, on an annual basis from Fiscal Year (FY) 2005 through FY 2009. SAFETEA-LU also modifies sections of the United States Code (USC) that specify how federal highway and transit programs are administered and modifies sections of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 pertaining to the Highway Trust Fund (HTF) and tax benefits for travel to work. Although SAFETEA-LU was not enacted until August 10, 2005, the entire six-year period of FY 2004 through FY 2009 is treated herein as the "SAFETEA-LU period." The multi-year authorization act that preceded SAFETEA-LU, the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, (TEA 21) was in effect through September 30, 2003. From October 1, 2003 through August 9, 2005 the federal transit and highway programs were authorized through 12 short-term extension acts. Those extension acts that applied to FY 2005 funding were reauthorized by SAFETEA-LU. This report describes funding provisions of SAFETEA-LU, extension acts to TEA 21, and related laws that provide for transit funding. Laws not related to funding and provisions of regulations are not described. Provisions of the following laws authorize and control transit funding: (1) SAFETEA-LU authorizes the levels of transit and highway funding from FY 2005 through FY 2009 and describes the structure for newly created funding programs and changes to existing programs. (2) TEA 21 extension acts extended the TEA 21 authorization period from October 1, 2003 through August 14, 2005. The TEA 21 extension acts authorized the transit program for FY 2004 but were superseded for FY 2005 by SAFETEA-LU when it became law on August 10, 2005. (3) Title 49, Chapter 53 of the United States Code, Mass Transportation, contains the permanent provisions of law for administering the federal transit program. Some of those provisions are modified by SAFETEA-LU. (4) Title 23 of the United States Code, Highways, contains the permanent provisions of law for administering the federal highway program. Some of those provisions are also altered by SAFETEA-LU. (5) The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, Subtitle I, Trust Fund Code, contains provisions governing collection and use of motor fuel taxes for highway and transit programs. The Internal Revenue Code was extended and modified by SAFETEA-LU. (6) Previous authorizing acts as indicated in the following text which contained provisions that have been continued in SAFETEA-LU but have not been codified in 49 USC. (7) Funding for transit was included the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. (8) Funding eligible for transit uses was included in Department of Homeland Security appropriations from 2004 through 2009.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: Appendices; Glossary; Tables;
  • Pagination: 70p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01144520
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 2 2009 1:21PM