Istanbul Transfers from AKBIL to the Istanbulkart

AKBIL, a steel button-shaped electronic memory device, was the first electronic ticketing system used in Istanbul, Turkey. This system, which is currently being used by 12 different public transport operators and on all public transport modes, is being replaced by a contactless smart card system called istanbulkart. This article describes the transition from the AKBIL system to the istanbulkart system. All the fare collection equipment had to be replaced with equipment that would accept both the AKBIL and istanbulkart electronic tickets. The backbone of the new system is a new generation e-ticket validator based on an ARM 9 central processing unit and a combo reader, plus a Pentium-based industrial bus computer with touch screen. The system also required modems, global positioning system receivers, mobile communication modules, monitors and other computers. To save money, existing board-level subsystem solutions with available software libraries were used rather than designing new systems from the component level. Although trials are still being conducted and there are still some system problems to be overcome, the end result should be a smart card system that can also be used for other city services and customer loyalty applications.


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  • Accession Number: 01147901
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 1 2009 4:24PM