Fatalities and Injuries in Motor Vehicle Backing Crashes

This article considers how, in response to the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), the Secretary of Transportation was required to prepare a report to Congress that examined fatalities and injuries in backing crashes. The subsequent passage of the Cameron Gulbransen Kids Transportation Safety Act of 2007 required the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to establish a surveillance system to collect data on backing crashes that occur on nonpublic roadways, which includes driveways and parking lots. The article describes how NHTSA’s Special Crash Investigations (SCI) program provides detailed investigations of back-over crashes to supplement the information obtained through crash reports. The SCI investigations found that about 40% of the nonoccupant victims were related to the driver. The SCI Investigations also indicated that more nonoccupants were approaching the backing vehicle from the side rather than being stationary behind vehicles. This article summarizes data from all of the agency’s databases relevant to backing crashes. It describes how most back-over fatalities and injuries involve passenger vehicles. Although people of all ages are victims of back-overs, children younger than 5 years and adults aged 70 years and older have an increased risk of being back-over victims compared with the rest of the population.


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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01144201
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 29 2009 3:27PM