The Baltic Sea Region

This chapter describes how the international efforts to save the Baltic Sea started several decades ago. These efforts included scientific international cooperation in marine research and this intergovernmental, bilateral or multilateral cooperation to save the sea has been continuing for over 30 years. The exchange of marine-related scientific information between countries belonging to the socialist block and others was initiated as a bilateral scientific-technological cooperation. The oldest official bilateral program dealing with protection of a sub-area of the Baltic Sea began 1968 and it involved cooperation over the Gulf of Finland and the Soviet Union. Several other agreements followed and are described in the chapter. In the early 1970s, the responsible authorities in many Baltic Sea countries recognized that the protection and enhancement of the marine environment cannot be effectively accomplished solely by national efforts or bilateral subregional cooperation. It became obvious that close regional multilateral cooperation of all riparian countries and other appropriate international measures were urgently needed to protect the entire sea area.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Global Environment Facility

    1818 H Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20433
  • Authors:
    • Melvasalo, Terttu
  • Publication Date: 2008-1


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 477-502
  • Monograph Title: Securing the Oceans. Essays on Ocean Governance. Global and Regional Perspectives

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01142601
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9789718120224
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 27 2009 9:14AM