Acute and Usual Drinking among Emergency Trauma Patients: A Study on Alcohol Consumption and Injury Patterns

This study investigates the relationship between usual and acute alcohol consumption among emergency trauma patients, and seeks to determine how combinations of acute and usual consumption interrelate with injury and individual characteristics. Data from a randomized sample of 486 injured patients interviewed in an emergency department in Lausanne, Switzerland were analyzed using the chi-square test for independence and cluster analysis. Results showed that acute alcohol consumption (24.7%) was associated with usual drinking and particularly with high volumes of consumption. Six injury clusters were identified: interpersonal violence, traffic-related, injuries among older people, work-related, sports injuries and miscellaneous injuries. Acute and/or usual consumption form part of some, but not all, injury clusters. Over-representations of acute consumption were found in the cluster typical of injuries sustained through interpersonal violence and the cluster of miscellaneous injuries. A third cluster, typical of sports injuries, was linked to a group of frequent heavy episodic drinkers (without acute consumption).

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01142396
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 24 2009 6:35PM