Are School Zones Effective? An Examination of Motor Vehicle Versus Child Pedestrian Crashes Near Schools

This study analyzes motor vehicle versus child pedestrian collisions by time and location, focusing on the contribution of schools. Data on all police-reported motor vehicle collisions involving pedestrians less than 18 years of age that occurred in Toronto, Canada, between 2000 and 2005 were analyzed. The distance of each collision relative to school location was assessed using geographic information systems software. The relationships between distance from school and collision-related factors such as temporal patterns of school travel times and crossing locations were investigated. Results showed a total of 2717 motor vehicle versus child pedestrian collisions. The area density of collisions, particularly fatal collisions, was highest in school zones and decreased as distance from schools increased. The highest proportion of collisions (37.3%) occurred among 10-14-year-olds. Within school zones, collisions were more likely to occur among 5-9-year-old children as they traveled to and from school during months when school was in session. Most collisions within school zones occurred at midblock locations versus intersections and the proportion of collisions that occurred at midblock locations increased with proximity to schools. These findings indicate the need for more environmental and enforcement programs in school zones.


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  • Accession Number: 01142405
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 24 2009 6:11PM