Transport and Greenhouse Costs and Options for Reducing Emissions

This book describes how, despite popular interest in the contribution of transport to emissions of greenhouse gases, little comprehensive information has been published on the costs and effectiveness of the various abatement measures espoused. Using partial equilibrium analysis, the Bureau of Transport and Communications Economics (BTCE) has estimated the social costs of 16 measures to reduce transport emissions from 1996 to 2015, including the costs and benefits of externalities such as urban traffic congestion and noxious emissions. Calculation of marginal costs ensures that comparisons can be made with any studies carried out for other sectors of the economy. Inclusion of all greenhouse gases, rather than just CO(2), facilitates such comparisons. The largest potential reductions in emissions from 1996 to 2015 could be achieved by planting trees, a carbon tax on petrol, and the use of ethanol derived from wood. The social cost of implementing the measures analyzed, however, varies significantly, depending on the period over which they are assessed, and the degree to which they are implemented. Implemented at the maximum intensities assumed from 1996 to 2015, urban road user charges, a carbon tax on petrol, reduced urban public transport fares, and urban commuter parking charges are the most effective “no regrets” measures available. Their combined implementation could reduce emissions of greenhouse gases from the Australian transport sector by 5 to 10 percent over the period 1996 to 2015.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Australian Government Publishing Service

    P.O. Box 84
    Canberra, A.C.T. 2600,   Australia 
  • Publication Date: 1996


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 583p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01141839
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0644474025
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Report 94
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Oct 1 2009 1:43PM