Design and Evaluation of Jointed Plain Concrete Pavement with Fiber Reinforced Polymer Dowels

This study evaluates fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) dowel bars as load transferring devices in jointed plain concrete pavement (JPCP) under HS25 static and fatigue loads and compares their response with JPCP consisting of steel dowels. Along with laboratory and field evaluations of JPCP with FRP and steel dowels, analytical modeling of dowel response was carried out in terms of maximum bending deflection, relative deflection (RD), and bearing stress of dowels. In addition, field rehabilitation of JPCP was carried out using FRP dowels to evaluate its long-term performance. Laboratory tests included static and fatigue load application corresponding to HS25 load and 1.5 times HS25 load on concrete slabs [27.94- and 30-48-cm (11- and 12-in.) depth] with 3.81- and 2.54-cm (1.5- and 1.0-in.) steel and FRP dowels at different spacings [30.48 and 15.24 cm (12 and 6 in.)]. Both 3.81- and 2.54-cm (1.5- and 1.0-in.)-diameter FRP dowels were installed in the field with 15.24-, 20.32-, 22.86-, and 30.48-cm (6-, 8-, 9-, and 12-in.) spacings. Load calibrated field tests were conducted on these pavements using a West Virginia Department of Transportation truck in 2002 and 2003. FRP dowel bars that were 1.5 in. in diameter were also used for pavement rehabilitation. Field data collected through an automatic data acquisition system included strain and joint deflections, which were used for assessing joint load transfer efficiency (LTE), joint RD, and pavement performance. Theoretical calculations are provided through different examples for JPCP with FRP and steel dowels by varying dowel diameters, spacing, dowel material properties, joint width, and base material properties. This research showed that JPCP with FRP dowels provided very good LTE up to and beyond 90%, which exceeds the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials and American Concrete Pavement Association criteria. JPCP with FRP dowels also provided sufficient LTE after 5 million cycles of fatigue tests under HS25 loading.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 160p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01141637
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-HRT-06-106
  • Contract Numbers: DTFH61-99-X-00078
  • Created Date: Oct 1 2009 9:53AM