Determining the Risk of Driving Under the Influence of Drugs by Case-Control Studies. Usability of Case-Control Studies

This paper discusses how driving under the influence of psychoactive substances is one of the most important factors that are associated with higher risk of injury and crash involvement. There have been numerous studies that have assessed the risk of driving under the influence of alcohol and the outcomes of the various studies are comparable, the number of studies that have assessed the risk rates of driving under the influence of drugs and medicines are very limited and the outcomes are quite divergent. This paper focuses on determining the risk of driving under the influence of psychoactive substances by case-control studies. Present case-control studies are scarce an above that are not comparable, which makes it very difficult to use them to determine the risk of driving under the influence of drugs. Recently, standards for conducting case-control studies have been proposed by the International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety (ICADTS) and the European DRUID-project to improve the validity and comparability of future case-control studies aiming at usable risk estimations of driving under the influence of drugs in traffic.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 95-113
  • Monograph Title: TRAIL in Perspective. Proceedings 2008, 10th International TRAIL Congress

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01140621
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9789055841127
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 21 2009 8:56PM