THE ROLE OF ENGINEERS AND SCIENTISTS IN A NATIONAL POLICY FOR TECHNOLOGY

TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNITED STATES HAVE FALTERED FOR REASONS THAT INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING: READY-MADE R&D PROGRAMS IN TH DEFENSE AND SPACE INDUSTRY ARE BEING CURTAILED, MANAGERS ARE INSUFFICIENTLY ATTUNED TO THE RELATION OF RESEARCH TO COMPETITIVE POSITION, AND THE INCREASING RELIANCE OF RESEARCH ON BASIC PRINCIPLES TENDS TO RENDER THE RESULTS GENERIC, I.E., LESS ADVANTAGEOUS TO THE ENTREPRENEUR. AT THE SAME TIME, HOWEVER, THE SOCIETY CONTINUES TO DEPEND ON THE HEALTH OF TECHNOLOGY. ACCORDINGLY, TWO BASIC POLICY CHANGES ARE REQUIRED: (1) THE PRINCIPLE MUST BE ACCEPTED THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS A NEW ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITY; IT MUST CONSCIOUSLY STIMULATE AND SUPPORT RESEARCH AND, WHERE NECESSARY, DEVELOPMENT. (2) INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS MUST BE BROUGHT INTO BEING WHEREBY COMPLEX SOCIETAL PROBLEMS CAN BE DEALT WITH SYSTEMATICALLY INSTEAD OF PIECEMEAL, AS HERETOFORE. FIVE RECOMMENDATIONS ARE MADE TO EXECUTE THESE POLICY CHANGES: (1) THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD ENCOURAGE BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH IN MATURE INDUSTRIES AND FOSTER THE MAINTENANCE OF A HIGH LEVEL OF SUCH ACTIVITY IN TECHNOLOGICALLY ADVANCED INDUSTRIES. (2) TECHNOLOGIES ESSENTIAL TO ATTAINMENT OF SOCIETAL GOALS, BUT NOT COMMERCIALLY SUPPORTABLE, SHOULD BE CONTINUALLY DEVELOPED, STRENGTHENED, AND RENEWED THROUGH GOVERNMENT- AIDED R&D. (3) FULL TIME GROUPS OF OUTSTANDING PROFESSIONALS SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED TO EXPLORE SPECIFIC PROBLEMS OF NATIONAL IMPORTANCE AND SUGGEST ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES TO THEIR RESOLUTION. (4) THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY SHOULD ESTABLISH PROGRAMS TO RAISE THE PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING OF THE PRINCIPLES AND NATURE OF TECHNOLOGY. (5) GROUPS SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED THAT ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR LONG-RANGE ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF TECHNOLOGICAL SYSTEMS OF BROAD PUBLIC IMPORTANCE.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • NO NSB 72-1
  • Corporate Authors:

    National Science Foundation /US

    ,    
  • Publication Date: 1972

Media Info

  • Pagination: 48 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00200773
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 5 1973 12:00AM