THE DEVELOPMENT AND INTRODUCTION OF THE AUTOMOTIVE TURBOCHARGER: A CASE OF INNOVATION IN RESPONSE TO FUEL ECONOMY REGULATION
This case study examines the evolution of the turbocharger from its invention in 1905 by Dr. A. J. Buechi, to its use on passenger cars in the late seventies. The case makes a number of points. The market for turbochargers has changed over time. In the fifties, suppliers developed a commercial turbocharger for compact, light, high-speed diesel engines which found a large and growing market. Application to the automotive field was slow in coming. Turbochargers found use in competitive racing. Aside from a brief period in the early sixties, the automobile industry did not seriously consider turbochargers for passenger cars until the mid-seventies. Down-sizing and the attendant reduction in engine horsepower in response to the mandated fuel economy standards have created a market for turbochargers. Suppliers played an important role in the success of this innovation.
Lexington Technology AssociatesLexington, MA United States 02173
Washington, DC United States 20590
Transportation Systems Center55 Broadway, Kendall Square
Cambridge, MA United States 02142
- RONAN, L
- Abernathy, W
- Publication Date: 1979-8
- Pagination: 78 p.
- TRT Terms: Analysis; Automobile industry; Automobiles; Costs; Diesel engines; Fuel consumption; History; Horsepower; Markets; Passenger vehicles; Standards; Superchargers; Technology assessment; Turbochargers; Vehicle power plants
- Uncontrolled Terms: Cost analysis
- Old TRIS Terms: Automobile engines; Turbocharging
- Subject Areas: Energy; Finance; Highways; History; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00199106
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: DOT/TSC/NHTSA-79-18 Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-TSC-1355
- Files: TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Dec 19 1980 12:00AM