STATUS OF LEGISLATION CONCERNING 911, THE EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER, WITH A SUGGESTED 911 EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER, ACT WITH SUPPORTING ANALYSIS
Official interest in establishing a universal emergency telephone number stems primarily from a 1967 recommendation of the President's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice that a 'single number should be established' for reporting emergencies to the police. In 1968, the American Telephone and Telegraph Co. announced that the three digit number 911 was being made available nationwide as an emergency telephone number. In March 1973, the Office of Telecommunications Policy, Executive Office of the President, issued a policy statement to Federal agencies supporting 911 and in May 1973, published a handbook on community planning for the implementation of 911 services. In 1979, approximately 26% of the U.S. population has 911 service. Growth continues at a fairly steady rate of about 70 systems per year, but it is obvious that timely implementation depends on increased efforts at the State and local levels. Nine States are known to have enacted 911 legislation. These are California, Louisiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Florida, Pennsylvania, Georgia and Massachusetts. There are several States with more than one-half of their populations served by 911 systems, but no State has achieved 100% coverage as yet. Because implementation of 911 is a matter of Statewide concern, guidance for it would be most effective if it came from the State government level. Telephone companies cannot be expected to undertake central office modifications needed to implement 911 until agreements can be made among the State and local governments and their public safety agencies as to requirements. Legislation provides a firm base for articulating the State's 911 policy and specifying planning steps for policy implementation. The text for a suggested '911 Emergency Telephone Number Act' is included in Section VI of the Report to assist in developing State legislation.
National Telecommunications and Information AdministrationWashington, DC United States
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Publication Date: 1979-7
- Pagination: 31 p.
- TRT Terms: Ambulances; Federal government; Fire prevention; Fires; Law enforcement; Legislation; Local government; Medical services; Planning; Policy; Safety; State government; States; Telephone; Traffic safety
- Geographic Terms: California; Florida; Georgia; Illinois; Louisiana; Massachusetts; Minnesota; Pennsylvania; Wisconsin
- Subject Areas: Law; Planning and Forecasting; Policy; Safety and Human Factors; Security and Emergencies;
- Accession Number: 00199102
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: DOT-HS-804-341
- Files: NTIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Dec 19 2002 12:00AM