SAFETY OF MULTIPURPOSE VANS
Since 1970, the sales of multipurpose vans have increased threefold. Vans are popular because of their versatility; outdoorsmen, small businessmen, service technicians, and the 'weekend vanner' are using vans for personal transportation, business operations, and weekend outings. In fact, in the near future, vans are expected to replace the station wagon. Many owners have customized the interiors of their vans with sinks, bars, refrigerators, beds, and paneling to make them more convenient. Currently, there are no standards or voluntary specifications on how to install these types of items to the van structure. As a result, in a crash environment, they often break loose and injure or kill the van occupants. The National Transportation Safety Board has investigated 18 low-to-moderate speed crashes involving vans to collect data for this study. We have evaluated the crashworthiness of vans from the following standpoints: Injury-producing environments, occupant restraints, crashworthiness, postcrash fires, and ease or difficulty of escape. Further, several existing Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards do not apply to vans. These include Standards 201, 202, 203, 204, 212, 214, 215, and 216. In addition the Safety Board has evaluated the standards listed above as they affect each of the five main areas of investigation.
National Transportation Safety BoardBureau of Plans and Programs
Washington, DC United States 20594
- Publication Date: 1979-3-22
- Pagination: 47 p.
- TRT Terms: Bars (Building materials); Crash injury research; Crash investigation; Crashes; Crashworthiness; Data collection; Evaluation; Fatalities; Fires; Injuries; Motor vehicles; Refrigerators; Research; Safety; Safety equipment; Speed; Standards; Subgrade (Pavements); Traffic speed; Vans; Vehicle occupants; Vehicle safety
- Uncontrolled Terms: Interior
- Old TRIS Terms: Beds; Vehicular safety
- Subject Areas: Highways; Passenger Transportation; Public Transportation; Research; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00198581
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: NTSB/HSS-79/1
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Oct 17 1981 12:00AM