THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SPRAY GENERATED BY THE EFFLUX OF VARIOUS AIRCRAFT PROPULSORS IMPINGING NORMALLY ON WATER

A review of previous model tests of the efflux from aircraft propulsors impinging normally on water is presented. The height of the resulting spray cloud was found to be a function of the maximum dynamic pressure at the surface after impingement, and the propulsor diameter. A generalized relationship using these variables, based on Froude scaling and which favorably compares with the existing model data is presented. Other characteristics of the water surface and spray cloud are discussed, although there are insufficient data to formulate any general conclusions. Results from tests with Froude-scaled vertical takeoff and landing aircraft models are presented. These results are tentative due to the lack of substantiating full-scale data. The height of a spray cloud and the water depression diameter obtained during Froude-scaled tests of a conceptual ducted fan propulsor are also presented. The spray cloud heights compares favorably with the generalized relationship derived from previous tests. The water depression diameter was found to differ substantially from that determined from previous model tests. Spray cloud heights and water depression diameters are predicted for two conceptual full-scale aircraft propulsors. (Author)

  • Corporate Authors:

    David Taylor Naval Ship R&D Center

    Aviation and Surface Effects Department
    Bethesda, MD  USA  20084
  • Authors:
    • Papadales, BSJ
  • Publication Date: 1978-6

Media Info

  • Pagination: 52 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00198356
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: DTNSRDC/ASED-78/07
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 17 1980 12:00AM