This report deals with technical, financial, and managerial aspects of urban underground construction in Western Europe. An evaluation of the inherent weaknesses and strengths associated with each method is made. The methods under review include grouting in soil, grouting in rock, ground freezing, cast-insitu walls, pre-fabricated walls, secant piles, slurry shield tunneling, and the New Austrian Tunneling Method as applied to soft ground conditions. The objectives of this report are: (1) to review specific underground technologies--several construction methods are summarized with reference to recent European applications; (2) to study the economics of underground construction--the tunneling costs associated with six European metro systems are summarized. Where appropriate, the construction costs are itemized and the cost structures are viewed in the light of the ground conditions and construction methods used; and (3) to examine the operation and organization of several European metro authorities--tunneling practice in the United Kingdom is studied and used as a focal point for examining such issues as the apportionment of risk under contract and the resolution of contract disagreements. In this report, comparisons are made between urban tunneling costs for rapid transit in the United States and Europe. Recommendations for improving tunneling practice are also provided herein.

  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
    205 North Mathews Avenue
    Urbana, IL  United States  61801-2352

    Urban Mass Transportation Administration

    400 7th Street, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • O'ROURKE, T D
  • Publication Date: 1978-8

Media Info

  • Pagination: 225 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00198183
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UILU-ENG-78-2024 Final Rpt., UMTA-IL-06-0041-78-1
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-UT-80018
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Sep 15 1979 12:00AM