SIMULATION EVALUATION OF COMBINED 4D RNAV AND AIRBORNE TRAFFIC SITUATION DISPLAYS AND PROCEDURES APPLIED TO TERMINAL AERIAL MANUEVERS
Simulation scenarios were developed in which subject pilots must simultaneously follow a 3D terminal airspace structure and arrive at fixed waypoints within the structure precisely at pre-scheduled times in the presence of a full range of wind conditions aloft, and monitor nearby traffic on an airborne traffic situation display, especially during merging and spacing operations, and detect blunders and resolve conflicts in a safe manner. Open-loop simulator tests of the single-stage 4D RNAV algorithm indicate that a descending pilot can comply quite closely with an assigned time of arrival at a 3D waypoint simply by tracking a pre-calculated speed profile. Initial experiments show that the aircraft arrives at the 3D waypoint within a few seconds of the anticipated time. The presence of headwinds or tailwinds does not affect the arrival time error as long as the wind is accurately modeled in the descent algorithm. Results all but quarantee that a 5 second standard deviation in arrival time error can be realized in closed-loop descents at very moderate pilot workload levels.
- Semi-annual Progress Report.
Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyLaboratory for Information and Decision Systems
Cambridge, MA United States 01239
- Athans, M
- Connelly, M E
- Publication Date: 1979-3-1
- Pagination: 44 p.
- TRT Terms: Accuracy; Air pilots; Air traffic control; Airborne navigational aids; Aircraft pilotage; Algorithms; Approach; Computers; Finite differences; Flight characteristics; Flight paths; Information display systems; Loops (Control systems); Navigation systems; Simulation
- Identifier Terms: FORTRAN (Computer program language)
- Old TRIS Terms: Airborne/spaceborne computers; Display devices; Final approach
- Subject Areas: Aviation; Operations and Traffic Management;
- Accession Number: 00197948
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: NASA-CR-158474
- Contract Numbers: NSG-2180
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Sep 15 1980 12:00AM