SAMPLE DESIGN FOR DISCRETE CHOICE ANALYSIS OF TRAVEL BEHAVIOR
Discrete choice models represent the choices of individuals among alternatives such as modes of travel, auto types and destinations. This paper presents a review of the state-of-the-art in designing samples for discrete choice analysis of traveller behavior. The objective of this summary is to provide a general framework for analyzing existing data and designing new samples. This paper focuses on discrete choice analysis of travellers' decisions. It incorporates recent published and unpublished theoretical findings as well as some new results. In addition, it addresses the practical concerns which arise in designing and using data samples in travel demand analysis. An effort is made herein to recognize the distinction between the idealizations imposed by formal theory and the real world issues arising in practice. It is assumed that any sample used is drawn by a process termed stratified sampling, in which the analyst partitions the population based on attributes and choices made, and then selects the fraction of observations taken within each stratum and the total sample size. Observations within strata are drawn at random. Two related problems, determining the distribution of the attributes in the population and estimating the choice probabilities conditional on the attributes, are explored. Various procedures for solving both these problems are detailed. The role of experimentation in extending the range of attributes in the population is explored.
- Prepared by Cambridge Systematics, Incorporated.
Multisystems, Incorporated1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA USA 02138
Transportation Systems Center55 Broadway, Kendall Square
Cambridge, MA USA 02142
Urban Mass Transportation Administration400 7th Street, SW
Washington, DC USA 20590
- Lerman, S R
- Manski, C F
- Publication Date: 1978-7
- Pagination: 70 p.
- TRT Terms: Demographics; Mathematical models; Mode S; Population; Reviews; Sampling; State of the art studies; Travel demand; Travel patterns; Trip generation; Urban transportation
- Subject Areas: Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Society;
- Accession Number: 00197451
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-MA-06-0049-78-8Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-TSC-1083
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Jul 31 1979 12:00AM