BART, the 71-mile Bay Area Rapid Transit System, serving San Francisco, Oakland, and other cities and communities, is the first regional-scale rapid transit system to open in the United States in over 50 years. Service began in 1972. This report is one of a series assessing the impact of BART on transportation and travel in the Bay Area. The report gives information on BART's operating energy consumption and incorporates an earlier BART Impact Program Report ('Analysis of BART's Energy Consumption for Interim System Operations', June 1975). The updated report was presented as a paper to the January 1977 annual meeting of the Transportation Research Board. It gives a historic analysis of BART'S operating energy consumption per passenger-mile and per car-mile. BART's traction energy consumption is compared with that of (1) other rail transit systems, and (2) bus and automobile, in terms of equivalent gallons of petroleum fuel. BART's impacts on total energy consumed by BART, bus and automobile for transbay travel between San Francisco and Oakland is analyzed using data on travel patterns with and without BART. Although BART carries 20% of all passenger-trips in the transbay corridor, it has reduced overall energy consumption by only 5%. This saving is relatively small because, although BART consumes less energy per passenger-mile than automobile, it consumes more than bus. BART's ridership is drawn about equally from automobile and bus. BART has also had the effect of inducing new trips by automobile.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Prepared by Peat, Marwick, Mitchell and Co., San Francisco, CA. Report on BART Impact Program, Public Policy Project. Sponsored in part by Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC. Color illustrations reproduced in black and white.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Metropolitan Transportation Commission

    Hotel Claremont
    Berkeley, CA  United States  94705

    Peat, Marwick, Mitchell and Company

    400 El Camino Real South
    San Mateo, CA  United States  94402

    Department of Transportation

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    Department of Housing and Urban Development

    451 7th Street, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20410
  • Authors:
    • SHERRET, A
  • Publication Date: 1977-1

Media Info

  • Pagination: 58 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00197420
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: DOT-BIP-WP-14-3-75
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-OS-30176
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Sep 15 1981 12:00AM