A STUDY OF TERRESTRIAL RADIO DETERMINATION. APPLICATIONS AND TECHNOLOGY
The report describes the results of a study of terrestrial radio determination (TRD) applications and technology. Considerable emphasis has been placed on automatic automotive vehicle location or monitoring (AVL or AVM) systems because almost all of the system designs, tests, and operational installations over the past decade have been in these areas. Land vehicle applications considered include law enforcement, taxicabs, public transportation, emergency services, and trucking. The four basic TRD technologies -- hyperbolic, multilateration, proximity, and dead reckoning -- are discussed and compared. Particular points of comparison are accuracy, coverage area, measurement rates, communication requirements, vehicular capacity, and fixed installations required. Also discussed are the pros and cons of centralized vs. decentralized systems, multi-user systems, the advantages of hybridization among TRD technologies to achieve system goals in particular applications, and the results of Loran-C measurements made in Boston as part of the study. The subject of TRD communication has received particular attention, since in many TRD systems, communications is already the limiting factor in system capacity. The problems of digital communications on land-mobile radio channels are presented, existing TRD communications are described and compared, and some suggestions for improvement, perhaps involving development and FCC authorization of new types of radio channels, are presented. Conclusions are presented on the potential benefits of TRD, and on the actions that U.S. Government agencies might take in regard to fostering TRD developments and applications.
Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyDepartment of Civil Engineering, 77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA USA 02139
Transportation Systems CenterElectronic Systems Laboratory
Cambridge, MA USA 02142
Washington, DC USA 20590
- Ward, J E
- Connelly, M E
- Tetewsky, A K
- Publication Date: 1979-2
- Pagination: 207 p.
- TRT Terms: Automatic tracking; Automatic vehicle monitoring; Communication systems; Disasters and emergency operations; Ground vehicles; Law enforcement; Location; Loran; Monitoring; Position fixing; Public transit; Pulse modulation; Radio; Taxicabs; Technology; Telecommunications; Utilization
- Uncontrolled Terms: Emergency services
- Old TRIS Terms: Position finding; Pulse communication
- Subject Areas: Highways; Operations and Traffic Management; Public Transportation; Research; Security and Emergencies; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00197313
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: DOT/TS/RSPA-79/2 Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-TSC-1274
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Jul 31 1979 12:00AM