This report presents the results of a study to examine the siting and equipment requirements that would have to be met by the U.S. Coast Guard to provide an adequate response within six hours for spills of up to 10,000 tons (28,000,000 gals.)of oil in U.S. waters. A data base of spills over 50,000 gallons in U.S. waters has been compiled from the Pollution Incident Reporting System and National Response Center files of the USCG. Spill rates are derived and applied for the U.S. as a whole and for four major sub-areas. A set of baseline pollution response equipment is adopted, and several equipment site configurations covering the U.S. are evaluated on the basis of six-hour coverage, historic spills encompassed and spill potential. Relative levels of equipment capability for the sites are derived from a simple optimization model. These relative levels are converted to specific equipment requirements on the basis of reasonable forecasts of oil movements in U.S. coastal waters, including oceanic tankers, coastal tank vessels, deepwater ports, and outer continental shelf production. The additional needs of the U.S. Coast Guard are estimated by subtracting the response capacity of equipment available from other response organizations. Finally, worldwide experience of oil spills larger than 1,000,000 gallons is examined for the decade 1968-1978, and three massive spill scenarios are present for the U.S. Atlantic and Pacific coasts. Corresponding response scenarios are evaluated, and site locations, equipment levels and logistic requirements are re-examined. System adjustments are noted, where indicated.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This is the first volume of a two volume report. Volume II contains the technical appendices. Prepared for U.S. Department of Transportation, United States Coast Guard Office of Research and Development, Washington, D.C.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Systems Center

    55 Broadway, Kendall Square
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02142
  • Authors:
    • Bellantoni, J
    • Garlitz, J
    • Kodis, R
    • O'Brien Jr, A
    • Passera, A
  • Publication Date: 1979-2

Media Info

  • Pagination: 470 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00196202
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: United States Coast Guard
  • Report/Paper Numbers: CG-D-14-79, I Final Rpt., DOT-TSC-USCG-79-2,I
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 15 1979 12:00AM