TRAFFIC IMPACTS OF WORK-SCHEDULE CHANGES IN MEDIUM-SIZED URBAN AREAS

A test is made of the hypothesis that changes in work schedules can significantly reduce traffic congestion in medium-sized automobile-oriented cities. By using an extreme case--a single high-density employer in a residential area--estimates are made of the change in peak trips that would result from three alternative work-schedule changes. The impact on the surrounding street system is then evaluated by using traffic-assignment techniques. Results show that even a maximum-impact policy (4-d work-week) would have only a marginal effect on local traffic, reducing regional travel costs by 0.4 percent and costs in the immediate surrounding area by 2.2 percent. Of all the traffic benefits accrued, over 90 percent flow to actual participants, primarily through the reduced number of required work trips. Because of the institutional problems associated with implementing such policies on a large scale, it is concluded that efforts to reduce highway congestion in medium-sized automobile-oriented cities by use of alternative work schedules may not be cost-effective. /Author/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 58-61
  • Monograph Title: Transportation system analysis
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00195972
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309028221
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Sep 15 1979 12:00AM