This paper indicates that noise, fumes, the dangers of walking, the irregularity of bus services and other aspects of city life are increasingly the subject of complaints on the part of city dwellers. It is suggested that instead of building expensive metro systems and free-ways, the new approach to urban transport policy is to make better use of existing transport facilities - roads, buses, taxis, light rail etc - through comprehensive and innovative management, building heavy infrastructure only as a last resort. Case studies carried out by OECD in Besancon (France), Brussels, Geneva, Gothenburg (Sweden), Groningen (Netherlands), London, Madison (USA), Nagoya (Japan), Nottingham (UK), Ottawa, Paris and Singapore which have adopted such comprehensive policies are reported. It is considered that scrutiny of these studies has made clear that management oriented urban transport policies, though local in inception, have implications for national policy-makers in many diverse fields - environmental protection, energy conservation, inner city revitalisation, institutional reform and finance. Reference is made to traffic management policies allied to traffic cells, zone and collar schemes, pre-metro systems, supplementary licensing and Nottingham's central zone and collar scheme is illustrated and discussed. Questions of energy use, revitalising inner cities, institutional adaptation and finance are also discussed. /TRRL/

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

    2, rue André Pascal
    Paris,   France  75775 Paris Cedex 16
  • Authors:
    • Alexandre, A
    • Averous, C
  • Publication Date: 1979-1

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00195495
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 15 1981 12:00AM