FIRST AID IN TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS - EDUCATION OF LAYMEN

PRVA POMOC U PROMETNIM NESRECAMA - OBRAZOVANJE LAIKA

It is possible for the majority of people to master the basic knowledge of first aid, giving assistance to people injured in traffic accidents, by using the handbook and the first aid package. If one attends the course (with the help of handbook, first aid package, cassette and demonstrations) the subject can be easily mastered in 3 academic hours. Accidents will always occur but their frequency can be decreased by means of education and other measures. Indirect injuries can be decreased with the use of higher quality cars and safety belts. According to some number of research, possibly one fifth of fatalities could be saved, if they had the right care at the right time. The number of the injured whose physical and mental activities are reduced, specially due to the loss of oxygen and blood is not known, because first aid was not applied. The first few minutes are the most important for the severely injured person. At this crucial point, assistance can be expected only from a layman as it is impossible for specialised staff to be there at the time the accident occurs. Every driver should be trained in such a way that he can give the required assistance, as soon as he arrives at the spot. The international association for medicine and traffic (iaatm) in co-operation with the world health organization and the Red Cross league, have suggested a new international standard for first aid equipment in cars. This equipment has an auxiliary function. Giving first aid assistance to injured people should be taught in driving-schools as A compulsory subject. Three academic hours, anticipated by the law, are already introduced in Norway. The respiratory organs, putting the person on the side, the mouth to mouth method of respiration, the method of adjusting the mask, stopping the blood etc are taught. The possibility of acquiring the theoretical and practical knowledge in 3 academic hours has been investigated. The system of Asmund S Laerdal was used, and consists of a small illustrated handbook and first aid package which is in keeping with the international association for medicine and traffic. The first aid package has also some apparatus which is meant for training, and is useful for self-education. /TRRL/

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Institut za MEdicinu i Psihologiju

    Sarengradska 3
    Zagreb, Croatia,   Yugoslavia 
  • Authors:
    • Blikra, G
  • Publication Date: 1978-4

Language

  • Croatian

Media Info

  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: p. 225-232
  • Serial:
    • Covjek i Promet
    • Volume: 4
    • Issue Number: 4
    • Publisher: Istrazivacki Centar za Medicinu i Psihologiju
    • ISSN: 0350-8765

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00195484
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 15 1979 12:00AM